Complete Islamic Clothing 2019 Thesaurus

Islamic Clothing 2019 Thawb and Abay Sculpture

Keep an eye on this page. Here you will find useful information about traditional and modern Arab clothing such as thawb, jubbah, abaya dress and more.

To keep it simple while we are busy building our website here are common Arab clothing terms.

Thawb | Thobe | Kandoora | Dishdasha | Jubbah | Jabba

Is an ankle-length long garment similar to a robe, kaftan, or tunic, usually with long sleeves. This is a cultural garment usually worn by muslims the garment may also b referred to as “islamic clothing” or “islamic arabic clothing”. The Thawbs most common association is with the Middle Eastern countries such as Saudi Arabia and Dubai (the Arbian peninsula) there are many more countries that wear the jubbah but these are the ones that are the widely known and associated with.

The Thawb has many styles and has started to evolve recently. The main Thobe style are as follows:

Kuwaiti Kanduras: Are known for their high quality material and one button collar.
Omani Thawb: The Omani Thobe is a collarless jubbahs with short loose tassel just above the breast. Available in lots of colours.
Bahraini Kanduras: Bahraini Kandoora are loose fitting with short soft collar. The thobe occasionally has a shirt pocket.
Qatari Kanduras: The material on a Qatari Kandoora is often shiny and has long stiff tassle and shirt pocket.
Emirati Thawb: The Emirati Thawb has no collar and have long loose tassle and matching embroidery on sleeves.
Saudi Jubbah: Saudi Jubbahs are tight fit with a two button collar with shirt sleeves some have cuff links some have buttons.

Robe | Kaftan | Tunic

The kaftan is usually worn as a coat or as an overdress and tends to have long sleeves and reaching to the ankles. A kaftan or caftan is a variant of the robe or tunic, and has been worn in a number of cultures around the world for thousands of years.

Ottoman Kaftan

Kaftans were worn by the sultans of the Ottoman Empire. The garments were very decorative with lots of colours, jewels, with gold and silver embroidery. Most fabrics were from Turkey and made in Istanbul and Bursa. Ottoman kaftan’s are generally oversized as a way of showing luxury and also power.

Abaya | Abayah | Aba

Abaya literal meaning is “cloak” and also known as an aba. The Abaya is a simple and loose over-garment. A robe-like dress, worn by some women in parts of the Muslim world including in North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. Traditional abayat are black and may be either a large square of fabric draped from the shoulders or head or a long kaftan. The abaya covers the whole body except the head, feet, and hands. It can be worn with the niqāb, a face veil covering all but the eyes. Some women also wear long black gloves, so their hands are covered as well.

Abaya Kimono

Abaya Kimono is hybrid garment and which combines the Arabic and Japanese clothing into one stylish loose outer garment. The Abaya Kimono has been worn by women for the last 70 years. The Kimono means “garment” in Japanese similar to the Arabic term Abaya. It has come to mean full-length formal robes. Kimonos are often worn for important festivals and formal occasions as formal clothing. Kimono are wrapped around the body and are generally worn with traditional footwear (especially zōri or geta) and split-toe socks.


The links below are where I found all the information regarding the Arabic and Islamic clothing terminologies.
Illustartor – Liz Ramos-Prado